What are the Different Types of Addiction?
Addiction is classified in two types, substance addiction and behavioral addiction, and both are often inter-weaved with one another.
What is Substance Addiction?
Substance addiction simply means that there is an addiction to substances such as opiates, alcohol, marijuana, methamphetamine, and other prescription drugs with mood or mind-altering effects. These drugs alter the way that you feel and lead to a desire to continue using them to get the same effect. What happens overtime, is that your tolerance to that drug increases, so you use more to get the same effect. This means that your body has changed to adapt to the increased tolerance, and when you stop using that drug your body goes into withdrawal. Withdrawal can cause both physical and psychological symptoms to appear.
What is Behavioral Addiction?
There are many behavioral addictions such as gambling, sex and love addiction, and eating disorders. Eating disorders are classified as binge eating, anorexia, and bulimia, and are just as serious, and sometimes even fatal, as substance addiction.
Binge eating is when a person has frequent episodes of binge eating and during the episode feels a sense of lost control followed by marked distress over what just took place. Binge eating is different from bulimia because the person does not purge or compulsively exercise to remove the calories consumed during the episode.
Bulimia is similar to binge eating because during an episode the person consumes a large amount of food and calories and feels a sense of lost control followed by marked distress. However, the person will take immediate action to dispose the body of the food consumed by purging, fasting, or compulsively exercising.
Anorexia is when a person consistently and obsessively reduces calorie which leads to an acutely low body weight and dietary deficiency. The person relentlessly pursues new levels of thinness, body image dysphoria, and has an intense fear of gaining weight.
As is typical with substance addiction, behavioral addiction causes feelings of shame, rejection, loneliness, and anxiety.